Filmmaker Stanley Kubrick created and directed the epic science fiction film 2001: A Space Odyssey in 1968. The science fiction short story “The Sentinel,” written by Arthur C. Clarke in 1951, served as the inspiration for the screenplay co-written by Kubrick and Clarke.
A novelization of the film, developed by Clarke and published after the film’s debut and written in part in tandem with the screenplay, was also published.
Keir Dullea, Gary Lockwood, William Sylvester, and Douglas Rain star in this film about an expedition to Jupiter led by the sentient supercomputer HAL following the discovery of an alien monolith.
Its portrayal of space travel was groundbreaking, and the film is lauded for its groundbreaking special effects and ambiguous imagery.
Kubrick did not use the usual cinematic or narrative devices; there is minimal dialogue and extended musical interludes. Richard Strauss, Johann Strauss II, Aram Khachaturian, and György Ligeti are just some of the classical musicians whose music is featured on the soundtrack.
Critical reception was mixed, with some calling it bleakly apocalyptic and others hailing it as an optimistic reappraisal of humanity’s potential.
Reviewers remarked on the novel’s examination of big ideas like human evolution, technology, artificial intelligence, and the existence of intelligent life beyond Earth.
The film received four Oscar nominations, and Kubrick took home the trophy for best director of visual effects. In retrospect, it’s easy to see why this movie is considered so groundbreaking and groundbreaking for other movies.
It was chosen for preservation in the National Film Registry by the United States Library of Congress in 1991 because of its “cultural, historical, or aesthetically significant” nature.
A rival hominin tribe in the prehistoric veldt drives the first to abandon its watering hole. The following day, they discover an alien monolith has materialized among them; this aids in their discovery of how to use a bone as a weapon, and after their first hunt, they return to drive away their rivals using this novel weapon.
Dr. Heywood Floyd, chairman of the United States National Council on Astronautics, visits the United States lunar outpost Clavius Base millions of years later. While visiting Space Station 5, he is confronted by Russian scientists who are worried about Clavius’ apparent lack of responsiveness.
He won’t even address the whispers of an epidemic on the base. Heywood calls a meeting of employees at Clavius and emphasizes the importance of keeping their latest discovery under wraps.
His assignment is to research a monolith discovered near the lunar crater Tycho that is identical to one buried some four million years ago. A Modbus transports him and his companions to the monument.
As they investigate, sunlight hits the object, causing it to send out a powerful radio signal.
Dr. David “Dave” Bowman and Dr. Frank Poole, the mission’s pilots and scientists, and three other scientists in suspended animation set sail on the American spacecraft Discovery One for Jupiter eighteen months later.
“HAL,” a HAL 9000 computer with a human personality, controls most of Discovery’s operations. Dave retrieves the antenna control unit in an EVA pod after HAL reports that it will soon fail, but he finds nothing wrong.
HAL recommends installing the device again and intentionally causing it to fail so that the issue can be confirmed.
The astronauts are informed by Mission Control that HAL’s reporting is incorrect based on data from their twin 9000 computers, but HAL attributes the mistake to operator error.
Dave and Frank, worried about HAL’s actions, retreat to an EVA pod to have a private conversation and make a pact to deactivate HAL if he is disproven. HAL is lip-reading their conversation.
Frank is on an outing to replace the antenna unit when HAL takes over his pod and throws him off course. While Dave is away rescuing Frank in another pod, HAL kills the three other crewmen who were in suspended animation by cutting off their access to their life support systems.
After returning to the ship with Frank’s body, Dave is denied entry by HAL, who claims that the astronauts’ plan to deactivate him is dangerous to the mission. With reluctance, Dave lets go of Frank’s body so he can manually activate the ship’s emergency airlock.
After stepping foot on board, he makes his way to HAL’s processor core, where he begins cutting power to HAL despite repeated pleas to stop.
After the last connection is severed, a prerecorded video by Heywood will play, revealing that the mission’s goal is to look into the monolith’s radio signal sent to Jupiter.
When Bowman reaches Jupiter, he discovers a third, much larger monolith in Jupiter’s orbit. He takes an EVA pod from Discovery and tries to investigate, but he gets sucked into a vortex of color.
As he is transported across vast stretches of space, Bowman witnesses strange cosmological phenomena and colorful alien landscapes.
After a while, he enters a spacious neoclassical bedroom where he is confronted by and transforms into three older versions of himself: a middle-aged man still wearing his spacesuit, a man in casual clothes eating dinner, and an elderly man lying in bed.
When Bowman reaches down to touch the monolith at the foot of the bed, he is transformed into a fetus inside a transparent orb of light that floats in space next to Earth.
It is believed that intelligent extraterrestrial species left the monoliths in order to hasten humanity’s development. What this means is that they are significant because they are evolutionary leaps.
Exactly who abandoned it there? God s? A nebulous mass of spaghetti and meatballs in the sky? A young alien programmer who uses us as expendable data in a massively multiplayer online game.
They could be anyone! Doesn’t matter if you ask me. What’s important is that each time it showed up in the movie, humanity advanced significantly in its evolutionary status.
The apes learn to use bones as weapons to hunt/kill
It was after the appearance of the first monolith that the apes had an epiphany and suddenly decided to use bones to hunt prey.
Unfortunately, they started using it to kill each other as well. Regardless, the starving prehistoric ancestors of mankind flourished after that. A huge step in evolution.
Confirmed the existence of intelligent extra-terrestrial beings and inspired man to explore beyond the infinite
The radio signal from the monolith on the moon pointed towards Jupiter and thereby inspired mankind to use the most cutting-edge technology they possess and chase that beacon to expand their horizon.
The knowledge of the possible existence of other intelligent beings would definitely be a path-breaking discovery. Imagine how excited/anxious we would be if someone found evidence of aliens.
The monolith proved that an intelligent species exists and that they were beckoning mankind to explore beyond what they had ever seen until then. It was a breakthrough that forced man to stop digging at the moon and aim at Jupiter and further.
For a species that reached the moon, going a little further doesn’t sound like a big evolutionary leap. Believe me, it is! A trip to Jupiter is incomparably more difficult than one to moon in terms of the technology required.
Anyway, the 21st-century man took a leap of faith and used every single arrow in his quiver to move forward. Hal artificial intelligence, in general, is of course one of the most powerful and best of those arrows. Well, we know how that worked out.
Philosophy of Religion and Existentialism
The film presents strong imagery of a superior force that guides humanity, although it says nothing about the anthropomorphic God/Gods that most of our religions put forth.
Someone like a parent who guides us as we take our first tentative steps. The movie suggests that this unknown force is what allowed us to evolve into our current form. Our insatiable appetite for knowledge has us constantly exploring new megaliths.
I mean, where are we heading? Searching for the meaning of life, the ultimate truth, or God? Maybe something completely different. Whatever the case may be, the frantic hunt is very real. Humans like to think of themselves as above and beyond other species.
While evolutionary theory provides an explanation, some people still put their faith in a higher power or in things that are beyond our human perception. When put in context with the vastness and antiquity of the cosmos, humans become insignificant dots on the cosmic radar.
Can we really be so arrogant as to claim there are no superior intelligent beings in the universe? But the mere possibility or verification of the existence of a superior being doesn’t amount to much.
What really counts is how that being is constructed. Will it be a power that evaluates our deeds and gives us rewards or punishments? Or is it something that has no interest in our actions at all? The film purposefully avoids allegories of this sort.
When describing the monolith in the recording, Dr. Floyd says, “Its origin and purpose is still a mystery,” suggesting that the film doesn’t want to say/doesn’t know anything about the alien’s / God’s ultimate goal. That’s the last thing anyone says in the film!